A colposcopy is a diagnostic procedure that involves the use of a tiny camera to give a close-up, detailed view of the cervix. It is usually performed as a follow up to an abnormal Pap smear. During a colposcopy, a doctor can look for any abnormal (precancerous or cancerous) areas on the cervix and take small biopsies if necessary which will aid in diagnosing the problem.
LEEP stands for Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure. It involves the use of a small wire loop to remove a layer of cervical cells. The cells are then analyzed for any abnormalities. The LEEP is usually performed after an abnormal Pap smear and colposcopy with biopsies confirming the presence of precancerous cells.